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Назва: Two-step resilience-oriented intervention for veterans with traumatic brain injury: a pilot randomized controlled trial
Автори: Assonov, D.
Ключові слова: rehabilitation
traumatic brain injury
Дата публікації: 2021
Видавництво: Clinical Neuropsychiatry
Бібліографічний опис: Assonov D. (2021). Two-Step Resilience-Oriented Intervention for Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical neuropsychiatry, 18(5), 247–259. https://doi.org/10.36131/cnfioritieditore20210503
Короткий огляд (реферат): Objective: The present randomized parallel two-arm pilot study aimed to compare the efficacy of two-step resilience-oriented intervention with treatment as usual in veterans with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury. Method: Two-step Resilience-Oriented Intervention (TROI) is a brief psychological intervention that targets cognitive (step 1) and emotional (step 2) factors of resilience and consists of six 1-hour sessions. Overall, 70 Ukrainian veterans serviced in Anti-Terrorist Operation / Joint Forces Operation were randomly assigned to an intervention group (TROI group) or a control group that underwent treatment as usual (TAU group). For pre- (T1) and post-treatment (T2) assessment the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist 5 (PCL-5), Chaban Quality of Life Scale (CQLS), Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) were used. Results: Multivariable linear regression with the treatment group, gender, baseline cognitive performance level and TBI severity as the independent variables revealed statistically significant improvements in the TROI group in resilience (CD-RISC), cognitive performance (MoCA), postconcussive symptoms (NSI), posttraumatic symptoms (PCL-5), positive affect (PANAS) and quality of life (CQLS) comparing to such in TAU group. We found no statistically significant differences between groups in depression, anxiety (HADS) and negative affect (PANAS) outcomes. Additionally, Wilcoxon signed-rank test revealed that participants who completed two-step resilience-oriented intervention had significantly improved scores for all outcomes compared to the baseline (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In summary, we can tentatively conclude that adding TROI to the standard treatment measures may improve the resilience and sustainable symptoms in veterans with TBI when compared with standard treatment. Targeting cognitive and emotional factors like problem-solving, decision-making, positive thinking can promote resilience in veterans with TBI and be useful in facilitating recovery from injury. Results of this pilot study are promising, but the intervention needs to be studied in a larger trial.
URI (Уніфікований ідентифікатор ресурсу): http://ir.librarynmu.com/handle/123456789/6139
Розташовується у зібраннях:Наукові публікації кафедри медичної психології, психосоматичної медицини та психотерапії

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