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Назва: A comparative biomechanical evaluation of different osteosynthesis techniques used for intracapsular condylar head fractures
Автори: Pavlychuk, Tetiana
Shydlovsky, Mykola
Kopchak, Andrey
Ключові слова: Condylar head
Osteosynthesis
Fracture
Biomechanics
Дата публікації: 2018
Видавництво: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Серія/номер: 9 (2019) 123–127;
Короткий огляд (реферат): Purpose: The aim of the present experimental study was to evaluate the biomechanical behavior in different types of osteosynthesis (titanium screws, bioresorbable pins and miniplates) used in management of intracapsular condylar head fractures. Method: Experimental models of the condylar head fractures were simulated on 15 dry human cadaveric mandibles. Osteotomized mandibles were randomly divided into three groups with different fixation systems used: 1) 15mm long titanium screws, 2) 15mm long bioresorbable pins Sonic Pins Rx, 3) T-shaped titanium miniplate and 7mm long titanium screws. Mandibles were loaded in TIRAtest testing machine (Germany). The main types of deformations, including torsion, bending and shearing, were simulated to study the biomechanical characteristics of the fixation systems. Results: Titanium bicortical screws demonstrated the highest stiffness in standard loading conditions. The fixation with bioresorbable pins showed lower stiffness in both frontal and sagittal loads. This is indicative of the fact that resorbable pins, which have numerous advantages for clinical usage, cannot provide adequately stable fixation in maximal masticatory loads. The mandibles fixed with T-shaped plate had the lowest stiffness. Conclusion: Screw or pin fixation, regardless of the material used, was not resistant to rotational loads. On the contrary, the stiffness of T-shaped plates was quite significant. In real clinical conditions, if rotational displacements are not effectively compensated by irregularities in the fracture surface and precise repositioning of the bone fragments, combined use of miniplates and bicortical titanium screws or two screws can be beneficial.
URI (Уніфікований ідентифікатор ресурсу): http://ir.librarynmu.com/handle/123456789/1053
ISSN: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2019.02.001
Розташовується у зібраннях:Наукові публікації кафедри стоматології

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